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Pulse Connect Secure contains a use-after-free vulnerability

Vulnerability Note VU#213092

Original Release Date: 2021-04-20 | Last Revised: 2021-05-07

Overview

Pulse Connect Secure (PCS) gateway contains a use-after-free vulnerability that can allow an unauthenticated remote attacker to execute arbitrary code.

Description

CVE-2021-22893

A use-after-free vulnerability that can be reached via a license server handling endpoint may allow a remote, unauthenticated attacker to execute arbitrary code on a vulnerable Pulse Connect Secure gateway system.

Every system that is running PCS 9.0R3 or higher or 9.1R1 or higher is affected. Having the license server configuration enabled is NOT a prerequisite to being vulnerable. The vulnerable endpoints are present regardless of whether the system is an actual license server or not.

This vulnerability is being exploited in the wild.

Impact

By making a crafted request to a vulnerable Pulse Connect Secure system, an unauthenticated remote attacker may be able to execute arbitrary code on the gateway with root privileges.

Solution

Apply an update

This vulnerability and others are addressed in Pulse Connect Secure 9.1R11.4.

Apply a workaround

If you are not using the features that the following workaround disables, we recommend applying the XML workaround even on systems that have been upgraded to 9.1R11.4 to reduce attack surface. Pulse Secure has published a Workaround-2104.xml file that contains mitigations to protect against this and other vulnerabilities. Importing this XML workaround will activate the protections immediately and does not require any downtime for the VPN system. This workaround will block requests that match the following URI patterns:
^/+dana/+meeting
^/+dana/+fb/+smb
^/+dana-cached/+fb/+smb
^/+dana-ws/+namedusers
^/+dana-ws/+metric

Note that installing this workaround will block the ability to use the following features:

  • Windows File Share Browser
  • Pulse Secure Collaboration
  • License Server

Instead of using the workaround to protect a PCS that is being used as a license server, we recommend updating such systems to PCS 9.1R11.4. If this is not possible, restrict which IP addresses are allowed to communicate with the system.

Run the PCS Integrity Assurance utility

A PCS administrator should run the PCS Integrity Assurance utility to help determine if a system has evidence that it has been compromised. Please be aware of two limitations of this tool:

  1. Upon completion of the Integrity Assurance tool, the PCS device will automatically reboot.
  2. Because running the Integrity Assurance tool relies on the use of the administrative web interface of the PCS device itself, it is reasonable to assume that it may be possible for a compromised device to display misleading results.

Enable Unauthenticated Request logging

By default, PCS devices do not log unauthenticated web requests. Additionally, the administrative interface for a PCS device will warn that: Selecting this can quickly fill up User access log space in case of attack.

Because this vulnerability is exploitable via an unauthenticated request to the PCS, evidence of exploitation may only be present if the "Unauthenticated Requests" logging option is enabled. Enable this feature in the PCS administrative web interface by visiting: System -> Log/Monitoring -> User Access -> Settings and enabling the "Unauthenticated Requests" option.

Enable remote logging

Attackers who have compromised a PCS device may delete on-device logs in the process. For this reason, configure a remote Syslog server to ensure that PCS log entries are not modified or deleted.

Acknowledgements

This vulnerability was publicly reported by Pulse Secure with additional details and context published by Fireye.

This document was written by Chuck Yarbrough and Will Dormann.

Vendor Information

213092
 

Other Information

CVE IDs: CVE-2021-22893
Date Public: 2021-04-20
Date First Published: 2021-04-20
Date Last Updated: 2021-05-07 21:42 UTC
Document Revision: 12

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