Android apps, including those pre-installed on some mobile devices, contain multiple vulnerabilities. All of these vulnerabilities were reported by Kryptowire. Vulnerabilities in pre-installed apps were presented at DEF CON 26 and a set of different vulnerabilities were previously coordinated by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) and National Cybersecurity and Communications Integration Center (NCCIC).
Many Android mobile devices come with OEM-pre-installed apps. Some apps have been identified as having incorrect access control settings, allowing malicious third-party apps to exploit and bypass system permissions and settings. Additionally, some Android and iOS apps embed a hard-coded cryptographic key or use a weak cryptographic algorithm that allows an attacker to obtain elevated access.
Kryptowire has released a paper documenting 38 vulnerabilities in various Android smartphone devices. These vulnerabilities are largely attributed to incorrect user permissions and access control settings via pre OEM pre-installed apps, and may be exploitable via malicious third-party apps installed by the user. Two of the vulnerabilities are exploitable via the Android debug bridge (adb).
** REJECT ** DO NOT USE THIS CANDIDATE NUMBER (CVE-2017-13103) This candidate was withdrawn by its CNA. Further investigation showed that it was not a security issue.
The CVSS score below reflects a worst-case scenario of code execution as a system user, however many devices and vulnerabilities have significantly lower impacts and therefore lower CVSS scores.
The impacts are wide-ranging depending on the device, however a remote unauthenticated attacker may be able to at worst execute commands as a system user if a victim can be enticed to install a malicious app capable of exploiting the vulnerability. Affected users are encouraged to review the specific impacts in the paper from Kryptowire.
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Use caution installing third-party apps
Thanks to Brian Schulte at Kryptowire for reporting this vulnerability.