Implementation of Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) by Vendors provide a way to customize logo image displayed during the early boot phase. Binarly has uncovered vulnerabilities in the image parsing libraries that provide this capability. An attacker with local privileged access can exploit these vulnerability to modify UEFI settings.
UEFI firmware provides an extensible interface between an operating system and hardware platform. UEFI software stores a number of settings and files in a customized Extensible Firmware Interface (EFI) partition known as EFI system partition (ESP). ESP is a special privileged file system that is independent of the OS and essentially acts as the storage place for the UEFI boot loaders, applications, hardware drivers and customizable settings to be launched by the UEFI firmware. The ESP partition is mandatory for UEFI boot and is protected from unprivileged access. The information stored in ESP is probed and processed during the early phases of an UEFI based OS. One such information stored in the ESP is a personalizable boot logo.
Binarly has discovered a number of vulnerabilities in the image parsing libraries that read and process these image files. As these files are processed by executables that run under a high privilege, it is possible to exploit these vulnerabilities in order to access and modify high-privileged UEFI settings of a device. UEFI supply-chain allows for many of these shared libraries to be integrated in various ways, including compiled from source, licensed for modification and reuse and finally as a dynamic or static linked executable. Binarly has also observed that in some cases an attacker can create a bundled firmware update that contains a corrupt or malicious image to trigger these vulnerabilities. This can also allow an attacker to exploit vulnerability while flashing the PCI with a firmware update. Due to the complex nature of these vulnerabilities and their potential wide impact, Binarly would like to use the label
LogoFAIL to track and support coordination and mitigation of these vulnerabilities.
Note: Major Independent BIOS Vendors (IBV) have obtained CVE to track this set of vulnerabilities for their supply-chain partners and their customers.
Fujitsu Europe Affected
Insyde Software Corporation Affected
Phoenix Technologies Affected
ARM Limited Not Affected
Microsoft Not Affected
Toshiba Corporation Not Affected
ASUSTeK Computer Inc. Unknown
Gamma Tech Computer Corp. Unknown
GETAC Inc. Unknown
Hewlett Packard Enterprise Unknown
HP Inc. Unknown
Star Labs Online Limited Unknown
VAIO Corporation Unknown