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CERT Coordination Center

NCR SelfServ ATM BNA contains multiple vulnerabilities

Vulnerability Note VU#815655

Original Release Date: 2020-08-20 | Last Revised: 2020-08-21


NCR SelfServ automated teller machines (ATMs) running APTRA XFS 04.02.01 and 05.01.00 are vulnerable to physical attacks on the communications bus between the host computer and the bunch note accepter (BNA).


NCR ATM SelfServ devices running APTRA XFS 04.02.01 and 05.01.00 contain vulnerabilities that can be exploited by an attacker with physical access to the internal components of the ATM, specifically the BNA and the host computer.


NCR SelfServ ATMs running APTRA XFS 05.01.00 do not encrypt, authenticate, or verify the integrity of messages between the BNA and the host computer. A similar vulnerability is identified as CVE-2020-9062 in VU#221785. CVE-2020-9062 involves the cash and check deposit module (CCDM) in ATMs from a different vendor. The CCDM is functionally similar to the BNA.


NCR SelfServ ATMs running APTRA XFS 04.02.01 and 05.01.00 implement 512-bit RSA certificates to validate BNA software updates. Keys of this strength can be broken by an attacker in a sufficiently short period of time, thereby enabling the attacker to sign arbitrary files and CAB archives used to update BNA software, as well as bypass application whitelisting, resulting in the ability to execute arbitrary code. (CWE-326)


NCR SelfServ ATMs running APTRA XFS 05.01.00 do not properly validate software updates for the BNA. An attacker with physical access to internal ATM components can restart the host computer. During boot, the update process looks for CAB archives on removable media and executes a specific file without first validating the signature of the CAB archive. This allows an attacker to execute arbitrary code with SYSTEM privileges. (CWE-305)


An attacker with physical access to the internal components of the ATM, including the BNA, can execute arbitrary code. An attacker may also be able to commit deposit forgery, with or without also executing arbitrary code.

A deposit forgery attack requires two separate transactions. The attacker must first deposit actual currency and manipulate the message from the BNA to the host computer to indicate a greater amount or value than was actually deposited. Then the attacker must make a withdrawal for an artificially increased amount or value of currency. This second transaction may need to occur at an ATM operated by a different financial institution (i.e., a not-on-us or OFF-US transaction).


Apply an update

Update software to APTRA XFS 06.08. The update increases the strength of the RSA keys to limit the window of opportunity for an attacker to crack and misuse the keys (CVE-2020-10125). The update also provides protection against the bypass of the digital signature check (CVE-2020-10126).


These vulnerabilities were researched and reported by Roman Bazhin and Dmitry Turchenkov. At the time of the initial report, Roman Bazhin and Dmitry Turchenkov were associated with Embedi.

Coordinating with Embedi was supported by U.S. Department of the Treasury, Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) License No. CYBER2-2019-359003-1, Cyber-Related Sanctions Regulations License issued April 2, 2019 to Licensees: CERT Coordination Center at Carnegie Mellon’s Software Engineering Institute (CERT), U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA), the National Cybersecurity and Communications Integration Center.

This document was written by Eric Hatleback and Laurie Tyzenhaus.

Vendor Information


NCR Corporation Affected

Notified:  2020-08-12 Updated: 2020-08-20

CVE-2020-10124 Affected
CVE-2020-10125 Affected
CVE-2020-10126 Affected

Vendor Statement

NCR advises all of our customers that it is critically important that APTRA XFS software is kept up to date to ensure that the latest security patches are always installed. We note that the version of software referenced in this report, APTRA XFS 05.01 was released in 2010, and discontinued for support in 2015. Any customer still using unsupported software should upgrade at the earliest possible opportunity. NCR would also note that deposit fraud which might be achievable by exploiting the functionality described in these CVEs does not necessarily result in cash loss. Any Financial Institution that accepts automated deposits has ‘know your customer’ and other fraud mitigation policies in place which limit immediate funds availability. Such mitigations are typically stronger where foreign deposits are accepted, if at all. This form of electronic deposit fraud is unlikely to result in significant loss.


Other Information

CVE IDs: CVE-2020-10124 CVE-2020-10125 CVE-2020-10126
Date Public: 2020-08-20
Date First Published: 2020-08-20
Date Last Updated: 2020-08-21 17:16 UTC
Document Revision: 2

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